woman doing yoga

Physiotherapy, often referred to as physical therapy, is a crucial component of rehabilitation, helping individuals regain, maintain, or enhance their movement capabilities following injuries, accidents, or the onset of health conditions. Though the journey can be challenging, typically requiring 4-6 weeks of dedicated effort, it remains a highly recommended approach for restoring lost mobility and function.

Physiotherapy encompasses a range of specialised therapies, each designed to cater to distinct needs and conditions. Here, we’ll delve deeper into the various types of physiotherapy and their unique applications.

Exercise Physiotherapy

Exercise physiotherapy is a specialised branch of physiotherapy that focuses on the use of physical activities and exercises to help patients recover from injuries, improve their mobility, and maintain overall health. 

This type of physiotherapy employs a variety of targeted exercises designed to restore an injured body part to its pre-injury functionality, focusing on enhancing muscle length, building strength, and refining neuromuscular control. Exercise rehabilitation employs a range of techniques, such as strength training, stretching, balance exercises, and aerobic activities, to address various conditions and patient needs. 

Exercise physiotherapists work closely with individuals to create personalised exercise programs based on their specific goals, limitations, and medical history. By incorporating exercise as a key component of rehabilitation and prevention, exercise physiotherapy aims to empower patients to take an active role in their recovery and long-term well-being.

Sports Physiotherapy

Distinct from exercise physiotherapy, sports physiotherapy zeroes in on the unique demands and injuries associated with athletic activities. It involves the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of sports-related injuries, while also optimising athletic performance. 

Tailored to the specific requirements of both professional and amateur athletes, sports physiotherapists utilise a blend of manual therapy, exercise prescription, and education to address the diverse needs of each individual. 

For amateur sports enthusiasts, sports physiotherapy can prove invaluable in developing proper techniques, boosting performance, and minimising the risk of injuries, enabling them to safely and effectively pursue their athletic passions.

Manual Therapy

Manual therapy is a specialised type of physiotherapy that addresses muscle tightness, stiffness and joint mobility issues through hands-on techniques. Physiotherapists skilled in manual therapy utilise their expertise to identify and treat knots, tension, and restricted movement within the musculoskeletal system.

This therapeutic method encompasses various techniques, such as passive stretching, joint manipulation, targeted massage, dry needling and more to alleviate pain and restore functionality. By applying precise pressure and movement to the affected areas, physiotherapists can effectively release tight muscles, enhance joint mobility and promote overall musculoskeletal health, paving the way for a more comfortable and pain-free daily life.

Aged Care Physiotherapy / Physiotherapy for the Elderly

Aged care physiotherapy, also known as physiotherapy for the elderly, is a specialised branch focusing on the unique needs and challenges faced by older individuals. This approach aims to improve and maintain mobility, balance, strength, and overall quality of life for seniors as they age.

Physiotherapists working in aged care employ a variety of techniques, including gentle exercises and pain management strategies. They design tailored programs that cater to the specific abilities and limitations of each patient, taking into account age-related factors such as joint stiffness, muscle weakness and reduced balance. Ultimately, aged care physiotherapy seeks to enhance the well-being and independence of older adults.

Fall Prevention Physiotherapy

Often incorporated into aged care physiotherapy, fall prevention physiotherapy is a specialised area that focuses on reducing the risk of falls. While this is regularly addressed in older adults, fall prevention physiotherapy is also applied to individuals with balance or mobility issues. By addressing the underlying factors that contribute to falls, physiotherapists help to enhance stability, coordination, and overall safety.

A fall prevention program typically involves a comprehensive assessment of the individual’s risk factors, followed by the development of a customised plan that may include strength and balance exercises, gait training and functional movement activities. Physiotherapists will oftentimes provide education on home safety and proper footwear as well, to further minimise the risk of falls, ultimately promoting greater confidence and independence in daily life.

Shoulder Physiotherapy

Shoulder physiotherapy focuses on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of shoulder-related injuries and conditions. By utilising a combination of manual therapy, targeted exercises, and patient education, physiotherapists aim to alleviate pain, restore mobility, and enhance function. 

Addressing issues such as rotator cuff injuries, frozen shoulder and shoulder impingement, shoulder physiotherapy is designed to help patients regain strength, flexibility and range of motion, enabling them to return to daily activities and sports with confidence.

Disability Physiotherapy / NDIS Physiotherapy

Disability (NDIS) physical therapy is a type of physiotherapy providing specialised care for individuals with disabilities, aiming to improve their mobility, function and overall quality of life. By offering personalised exercise programs, pain management techniques, and assistive device recommendations, physiotherapists empower patients to overcome physical limitations and achieve their goals. 

Through the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS), eligible participants can access funding for physiotherapy services, ensuring they receive the necessary support to enhance their independence and well-being.

Tendon Rehabilitation

Tendon rehabilitation focuses on the recovery and management of tendon injuries, such as tendinitis or tendinopathy, which often result from overuse, strain or ageing. 

Physiotherapists employ a range of treatment approaches, including targeted exercises, manual therapy, and load management strategies, to reduce pain, promote healing, and restore function. 

The rehabilitation process aims to progressively strengthen the affected tendon, improve flexibility, and address biomechanical imbalances, ultimately enabling patients to return to their daily activities and sports with reduced risk of re-injury.

Postural Correction Physiotherapy

Postural correction physiotherapy addresses musculoskeletal imbalances and improper body alignment that can contribute to pain, discomfort, and reduced function. By utilising a combination of manual therapy, targeted exercises, and patient education, physiotherapists help individuals improve their posture and alleviate strain on muscles and joints. Generally targeting individuals with classic hunchback or swayback stances, postural correction physical therapy has the ability to profoundly improve one’s quality of life.

This specialised type of physiotherapy not only reduces pain and prevents future injuries but also enhances overall body mechanics, leading to better movement efficiency, increased energy levels and a greater sense of well-being.

What is the Most Common Type of Physiotherapy?

Among the various types of physiotherapy discussed, exercise physiotherapy is a particularly common and versatile approach. By focusing on physical activities and exercises, it helps patients recover from injuries, enhance mobility, and maintain overall health. 

Applicable to a wide range of conditions and patient needs, exercise physiotherapy is often integrated with other specialised therapies to create comprehensive rehabilitation plans, making it a fundamental component of physiotherapy practice.

Which Type of Physiotherapist is Best for You?

Determining the best physiotherapist for your needs depends on the specific condition or issue you’re experiencing. If you’re recovering from a sports injury, a sports physiotherapist would be ideal. For age-related issues, an aged care physiotherapist is more suitable. 

Assess your individual needs and consult with a healthcare professional for guidance in selecting the appropriate physiotherapist, ensuring you receive the most effective care tailored to your unique situation.


Embarking on a physiotherapy journey can be challenging, given the time and effort required to overcome certain injuries and conditions. However, with the right therapist and appropriate treatment approach, you can regain your mobility and return to a fulfilling life. Should you experience an injury, don’t hesitate to consult a qualified physiotherapist to guide you on the path to recovery.

For exceptional physiotherapy services in Bondi Junction, Invigor Health is your premier destination. We offer an array of wellness services, such as running assessments, movement screenings, massage therapy and physiotherapy. Schedule a session with our experts today and let us support you in restoring your optimal mobility and well-being.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Post comment